India has recognized the importance of climate change, and set itself the target of achieving net-zero emissions by 2070. India has also set intermediate targets for 2030 which include meeting 50% of its energy requirements from renewable energy; reach non-fossil fuel capacity of 500 GW; reduce carbon emissions by 1 billion tonnes; and reduce carbon intensity by 45%. India has made significant progress in the renewable energy (RE) sector with a four-fold increase in capacity in less than eight years from 39.5GW in 2014 to 151GW in 2021. Despite the progress in the RE sector, India relies primarily on coal (54.2%) and crude oil (28.2%). Large investments would be required to replace these with clean energy sources and power the economic growth of India.