India has recognized the importance of climate change, and set itself the target of achieving net-zero emissions by 2070. India has also set intermediate targets for 2030 which include meeting 50% of its energy requirements from renewable energy; reach non-fossil fuel capacity of 500 GW; reduce carbon emissions by 1 billion tonnes; and reduce carbon intensity by 45%. India has made significant progress in the renewable energy (RE) sector with a four-fold increase in capacity in less than eight years from 39.5GW in 2014 to 151GW in 2021. Despite the progress in the RE sector, India relies primarily on coal (54.2%) and crude oil (28.2%). Large investments would be required to replace these with clean energy sources and power the economic growth of India.


  • Pathways for phasing down the use of thermal power to reduce CO2 emissions would require complementary strategies
  • Green powered future
  • Zero emission shipping
  • Future of Energy – Green Hydrogen Technology
  • Carbon-dioxide removal



  • Renewable energy (Wind, Solar, Biomass, Hydro etc.) Generation, Transmission and Distribution companies
  • Energy storage companies – Batteries, Green Hydrogen, Pumped Hydro storage
  • Industries - Refineries, Steel, Cement, Fertilizer companies
  • Construction - Residential/ Commercial real estate developers
  • Shipping
  • Transport